The average surgeon in 2010 earns a yearly salary of $295,000. The general salary range for surgeons is an annual salary between $240,000 and $375,000 per year. In the field of surgery, high levels of skill are a necessity and are also what set you apart. Highly skilled surgeons earn significantly higher incomes than individuals with less skill. A top-level surgeon can earn well over $500,000 per year.